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Waste Water Treatment Processes

Both domestic and industrial processes leads to variety of waste including solids, water and gases. These types of wastes are directed into the environment and cab e hazardous. However, if the wastes are taken through treatment plants, the amount of harm done to the environment could be minimal. The end products from the waste treatments plants include recycled products, clean water and safe, biodegradable products. The choice of treatment plant is dependent on the source and type of waste. Wastewater is a produced in typical all process including homes and industries. The wastewater treatment process involves various stages.

Wastewater from homes is normally treated in septic systems. The septic system is simple and should always be functional. Nevertheless, septic systems that serve several homes are more complex since they have to absorb lots of waste. Large water treatment plants for use in large factories and high residential areas are however available. There are manufacturers of wastewater treatment plants that can help you design and manufacture a treatment plant. A project plan is made according to the unique circumstances surrounding it. Engineers at the manufacturers will oversee the project from its design stage to monitoring and maintenance works. These are a sophisticated process that requires large investments. These systems remove quality clean water and thus used at commercial levels.

There are three main stages in the water treatment process. Water flows to reservoirs either by pumping or gravitational force. In the reservoirs, there is separation of floating and suspending solids from the water. Centrifugal force is applied at this stage. The stage removes about 60% of the suspended solids. Sometimes, chemicals can be used to increase the removal of solids. The water is then directed to the second phase also known as secondary stage or organic stage. In the second stage, the remaining biodegradable and suspending articles are given as food to organism such as fish. The organism in the water eat the food particles in the water remove the phosphate and nitrates nutrients in the water. About 80% of water impurities is removed at this stage. Water released to the environment at this stage is not harmful.

water is however made pure by
taking it to the third stage. It is referred to as the tertiary stage and water can be used for a wide range of uses. There is application of different water treatment chemicals to make it safe. Chlorine is used to purify the water though it has been disputed in the recent times.

Water pumped to the treatment plant should not contain industrial chemicals. The individual factory releasing such waters should take individual responsibility by establishing a treatment plant at their base before releasing such water.

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