Magpie Duck Breed Guide: Characteristics, Care, and Raising Tips

The Magpie duck is a charming and distinctive breed known for its striking black and white plumage, friendly demeanor, and excellent egg-laying abilities. Originating in the United Kingdom in the early 20th century, Magpie ducks have gained popularity worldwide for their beauty, versatility, and suitability for both small-scale farming and backyard poultry keeping. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the history, characteristics, care requirements, and raising tips for Magpie ducks.

History and Origins

The Magpie duck breed was developed in the early 20th century by British poultry breeders seeking to create an attractive and productive dual-purpose duck. The exact origins of the breed are unclear, but it is believed to have been developed from crosses involving various breeds, including the Runner, Khaki Campbell, and Indian Runner ducks.

The breed’s distinctive black and white plumage, resembling that of the Magpie bird, gave rise to its name. Magpie ducks were first exhibited in England in the 1920s and gained recognition for their striking appearance and practical utility. Over the years, they have become popular for their egg-laying abilities, calm temperament, and suitability for both small-scale farming and exhibition purposes.

Physical Characteristics

Magpie ducks are easily recognizable by their striking black and white plumage, which resembles that of the Magpie bird. Here are some key physical characteristics of the breed:

  • Plumage: Magpie ducks have predominantly white plumage with distinct black markings on their heads, backs, wings, and tails. The black markings often form a crescent shape over the eyes, giving them a distinctive appearance.
  • Size: Magpie ducks are medium-sized, with drakes (males) typically weighing between 5.5 and 6.5 pounds, and ducks (females) weighing between 4.5 and 5.5 pounds.
  • Bill and Legs: Their bills and legs are orange or yellow-orange in color, adding to their vibrant appearance.
  • Eyes: Magpie ducks have dark brown eyes, which complement their black and white plumage.

Temperament and Behavior

Magpie ducks are known for their friendly and sociable temperament, making them excellent additions to backyard flocks and small farms. They are docile, curious, and enjoy interacting with their human caretakers. Magpies are also good foragers, happily searching for insects, snails, and other small creatures in the yard or pasture.

These ducks are relatively calm and easy to handle, making them suitable for families with children or novice poultry keepers. They are also known for their adaptability to various climates and environments, thriving in both free-range and confined settings.

Egg Production

One of the standout features of Magpie ducks is their excellent egg-laying abilities. Hens are prolific layers, capable of producing between 220 and 290 large, white eggs per year. The eggs are prized for their rich flavor and nutritional content, making them a favorite among home cooks and bakers.

Magpie ducks typically begin laying eggs at around 5-6 months of age, depending on factors such as diet, daylight hours, and individual genetics. Providing a nutritious diet, ample daylight, and comfortable nesting areas can help maximize egg production in Magpie ducks.

Meat Production

While primarily valued for their egg-laying capabilities, Magpie ducks also produce flavorful and tender meat. The meat is lean, succulent, and prized for its distinctive flavor. While not as large as some meat-focused breeds, Magpie ducks provide a practical option for those looking to raise dual-purpose ducks for both eggs and meat.

Housing and Space Requirements

Providing appropriate housing and space is essential for the health and well-being of Magpie ducks. Here are some key considerations:

  1. Shelter: Magpie ducks require a secure, weatherproof shelter to protect them from predators and the elements. A simple duck house with dry bedding, adequate ventilation, and protection from drafts is sufficient.
  2. Space: Ducks need ample space to move around, forage, and engage in natural behaviors. Each Magpie duck should have at least 4-6 square feet of indoor space and 10-25 square feet of outdoor space. Providing enough space reduces stress, prevents overcrowding, and promotes overall well-being.
  3. Water: Ducks need access to clean, fresh water for drinking, bathing, and preening. Provide shallow water containers or a small pond for swimming and bathing, ensuring that ducks can easily access and exit the water.

Nutrition and Feeding

Proper nutrition is crucial for the health and productivity of Magpie ducks. Here’s a basic guide to their dietary needs:

  1. Commercial Feed: Start with a high-quality commercial duck or waterfowl feed. Ducklings require a starter feed with 18-20% protein for the first few weeks. As they grow, transition to a grower feed with 16-18% protein.
  2. Supplemental Feeding: Supplement their diet with fresh vegetables, leafy greens, and protein-rich treats such as mealworms or scrambled eggs. Ducks also enjoy foraging for insects, snails, and small invertebrates, which provide additional nutrients.
  3. Grit and Calcium: Ducks need grit to aid digestion and calcium for strong bones and eggshells. Provide crushed oyster shells or eggshells as a calcium supplement, especially for laying hens.

Health and Maintenance

Maintaining the health of Magpie ducks involves regular observation and preventative care. Here are some tips:

  1. Clean Environment: Keep their living area clean and dry to prevent diseases and parasites. Regularly clean bedding, water containers, and bathing areas.
  2. Parasite Control: Monitor for external parasites such as lice and mites. Use appropriate treatments if infestations occur and maintain cleanliness to prevent reoccurrence.
  3. Foot Health: Ducks are prone to foot injuries and infections. Ensure their living area is free of sharp objects and provide soft bedding to prevent injuries and promote foot health.
  4. Veterinary Care: Establish a relationship with a veterinarian experienced in poultry. Schedule regular health checks and seek veterinary attention promptly if you notice any signs of illness or injury.

Breeding Magpie Ducks

If you’re interested in breeding Magpie ducks, understanding their reproductive behavior is essential:

  1. Mating: Magpie ducks reach sexual maturity at around 5-6 months of age. Provide a ratio of one drake (male) to four or five hens (females) to ensure successful mating.
  2. Nesting: Ducks prefer secluded and sheltered areas for nesting. Provide nesting boxes or sheltered areas with soft bedding for hens to lay their eggs.
  3. Incubation: Magpie ducks are generally good brooders, often hatching their eggs successfully. If using an incubator, maintain an incubation temperature of 99.5°F and humidity levels around 55-65%.
  4. Hatching: Ducklings typically hatch after 28 days. Once hatched, provide a warm and dry brooder area with access to food and water.


Magpie ducks are a delightful and versatile breed known for their striking appearance, friendly temperament, and excellent egg-laying abilities. Whether you’re a small-scale farmer, homesteader, or backyard poultry enthusiast, Magpie ducks can be a valuable addition to your flock. By providing proper housing, nutrition, and care, you can ensure the health and well-being of your Magpie ducks while maximizing their productivity and enjoyment. With their distinctive black and white plumage, charming demeanor, and practical utility, Magpie ducks are sure to delight and enrich the lives of those who raise them.

In summary, the Magpie duck breed offers a unique combination of beauty, utility, and friendliness, making it a popular choice for poultry enthusiasts of all levels. Whether you’re drawn to their striking appearance, their excellent egg-laying capabilities, or their calm and sociable nature, Magpie ducks have much to offer. By understanding their history, characteristics, care requirements, and raising tips, you can confidently embark on the rewarding journey of raising Magpie ducks and enjoy the many benefits they bring to your farm or backyard flock.

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