How to Feed a Pekin Duck: A Comprehensive Guide

Pekin ducks, known for their distinctive white feathers and yellow beaks, are among the most popular domesticated duck breeds worldwide. Originally from China, these ducks are prized for their meat and eggs and are also kept as pets due to their friendly disposition. Proper nutrition is essential for maintaining their health, promoting growth, and ensuring they lead a happy life. This article provides an in-depth guide on how to feed a Pekin duck, covering dietary needs, feeding schedules, and tips for optimal nutrition.

Understanding the Nutritional Needs of Pekin Ducks

To provide the best care for Pekin ducks, it’s crucial to understand their nutritional requirements at different stages of their life cycle. Like all ducks, Pekins require a balanced diet rich in proteins, vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients.

  • Proteins: Protein is vital for the growth and development of Pekin ducks, especially for ducklings and during molting periods. It helps in muscle development, feather growth, and overall health.
  • Vitamins and Minerals: Vitamins such as A, D, E, and K, along with minerals like calcium and phosphorus, are essential for bone health, immune function, and metabolic processes.
  • Fats: Fats provide energy and aid in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. However, excessive fat intake can lead to obesity, so it should be given in moderation.
  • Carbohydrates: These are the primary energy source for ducks and should be included in their diet through grains and vegetables.

Feeding Pekin Ducklings

The dietary needs of Pekin ducklings differ significantly from adult ducks. Ducklings require a high-protein diet to support their rapid growth.

  1. Starter Feed: For the first three weeks, feed ducklings a high-protein starter feed with around 18-20% protein content. This feed is specially formulated to meet the nutritional needs of young ducks and support healthy development.
  2. Water: Always provide clean, fresh water. Ducklings need water to help them swallow their food and stay hydrated. Ensure the water container is shallow to prevent accidental drowning.

As they grow, gradually transition them to a grower feed with a slightly lower protein content of about 15-16%. This feed supports continued growth without the excessive protein that could strain their developing bodies.

Feeding Adult Pekin Ducks

Once Pekin ducks reach adulthood, their dietary needs stabilize, and they require a balanced diet to maintain their health and productivity.

  1. Commercial Feed: A high-quality commercial feed formulated for adult ducks or waterfowl should form the basis of their diet. These feeds typically contain a balanced mix of grains, proteins, vitamins, and minerals.
  2. Grains and Seeds: Whole grains like corn, wheat, and oats, as well as seeds, can be added to their diet to provide carbohydrates and essential nutrients. These can be offered as scratch grains to encourage natural foraging behavior.
  3. Vegetables and Greens: Fresh vegetables and greens are excellent additions to a Pekin duck’s diet. Leafy greens like lettuce, spinach, and kale, as well as peas and corn, are nutritious options. Avoid feeding them plants that are toxic to ducks, such as onions and nightshade plants.
  4. Protein Supplements: During molting or breeding seasons, or if ducks show signs of needing more protein, you can supplement their diet with additional protein sources such as mealworms, earthworms, or high-protein dog food.

Feeding Schedule and Quantity

Establishing a regular feeding schedule helps ensure that Pekin ducks receive consistent nutrition.

  • Frequency: Adult Pekin ducks should be fed twice a day – once in the morning and once in the evening. This routine helps manage their hunger and prevents overeating.
  • Portion Control: The amount of food required varies based on the duck’s age, size, and activity level. On average, an adult Pekin duck consumes about 1/2 to 3/4 pound of feed per day. Monitor their weight and condition, adjusting portions as necessary to prevent obesity or malnutrition.

Water: An Essential Component

Water is a crucial aspect of a Pekin duck’s diet. Ducks need water to aid in digestion and maintain overall health. Ensure that fresh, clean water is available at all times, especially when feeding dry grains and commercial feeds. Ducks use water to help them swallow their food and clean their nostrils.

Treats and Supplements

While the bulk of a Pekin duck’s diet should come from balanced feed, occasional treats and supplements can enhance their nutrition and provide enrichment.

  • Healthy Treats: Offer treats like chopped fruits (apples, berries, melons), vegetables (carrots, cucumbers), and cooked grains (rice, quinoa) in moderation. These provide additional vitamins and minerals.
  • Grit and Oyster Shells: Ducks require grit to help grind up their food, especially if they consume whole grains. Oyster shells are a good source of calcium, crucial for egg-laying ducks to maintain strong eggshells.

Common Feeding Mistakes to Avoid

To ensure optimal health for your Pekin ducks, avoid these common feeding mistakes:

  • Overfeeding: Overfeeding can lead to obesity and associated health problems. Stick to recommended portions and avoid excessive treats.
  • Poor Water Quality: Always provide clean, fresh water. Dirty or stagnant water can harbor harmful bacteria and parasites.
  • Feeding Improper Foods: Avoid feeding ducks bread, processed foods, or foods high in salt and sugar. These can cause nutritional imbalances and health issues.


Feeding Pekin ducks properly involves understanding their nutritional needs at different life stages, providing a balanced diet, and ensuring access to fresh water. By following these guidelines, you can support the health and well-being of your Pekin ducks, whether they are beloved pets, productive layers, or part of a sustainable farm. With the right care, Pekin ducks can thrive and bring joy and productivity to any environment.

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